Funding for this research was provided by:
University of the Western Cape (PhD workshops)
Mbeya Medical Research Centre (Tuition fee)
African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship (ADDRF) award offered by the Africa Population and Health Research Center (2014-2016-ADF 009,)
Institute of Tropical Medicine-Antwerp (WriFunded a writing retreat at Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM)- SIPHI scholarship.)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-04-05
Received: 29 August 2018
Accepted: 21 March 2019
First Online: 5 April 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study protocol was approved by the National Ethical Committee/ Medical Research Coordinating Committee at the National Institute for Medical Research in Tanzania, on 12 May 2014REF: NIMR/HQ/R.8a/Vol. IX/1723, and written informed consent for participation in the study was obtained from all study participants before any study procedure.
: Not Applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.