Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 91529302, No. 81572798, NO.81672822, and No.817722509)
Doctoral Innovation Fund of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (No. BXJ201711)
Received: 31 October 2018
Accepted: 17 January 2019
First Online: 4 February 2019
: An institutional review board from the local Human Research Ethics Committee of Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China approved the study. All human participants provided informed consent. All animal experiments were also approved by the local Laboratory Animal Ethics Committee of Ruijin Hospital and conducted based on the Guide for the Care and Use Laboratory Animals of Ruijin Hospital. All samples tested for GC were anonymous in accordance with legal and ethical standards.
: All contributing authors agree to the publication of this article.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.