Text and Data Mining valid from 2019-03-05
Received: 19 October 2018
Accepted: 19 February 2019
First Online: 5 March 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Gifu Prefectural Tajimi Hospital (IRB Number: 2018-04-1). All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Each patient and her family signed a surgical informed consent form for the relevant procedures after an explanation that laparotomy and use of blood products including homologous red blood cells and fresh frozen plasma might be required if the proposed therapy failed to manage the gynecologic emergencies. If the patient was assumed to have difficulty in understanding her condition due to symptoms such as severe pain or hemodynamic instability, explanation was given only to her family.
: Written permission for publication of their cases was obtained. Women who did not consent to have their clinical information used for research purposes were excluded from the study cohorts.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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