Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JP21H05348, JP21K11717)
Smoking Research Foundation
Received: 29 August 2022
Accepted: 18 December 2022
First Online: 2 March 2023
: All rat experiments were approved by the Animal Care and Use Committee of the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology.
: Not applicable.
: The authors have no competing interests to declare.