Funding for this research was provided by:
National Center for Research Resources (NCRR-NIH P40RR017447)
Received: 2 June 2017
Accepted: 6 November 2017
First Online: 28 November 2017
: <b>Peter Bajcsy</b> received his Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1997 from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) and a M.S. in Electrical and Computer Engineering in 1994 from the University of Pennsylvania (UPENN). He worked for machine vision (Cognex), government contracting (Demaco/SAIC), and research and educational (NCSA/UIUC) institutions before joining the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in June 2011. Peter’s area of research is large-scale image-based analyses and syntheses using mathematical, statistical and computational models while leveraging computer science fields such as image processing, machine learning, computer vision, and pattern recognition. For more information, see ExternalRef removed.<b>Soweon Yoon</b> received the Ph.D. degree from the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University in 2014, and the B.S. and M.S. degrees from the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea, in 2006 and 2008, respectively. She is a Scientific Research Specialist at Dakota Consulting Inc. associated with National Institute of Standards and Technology since September 2015. She was a research associate at Michigan State University and National Institute of Standards and Technology from July 2014 and July 2015. Her research interests include image processing, pattern recognition, and computer vision in the areas of biometrics, bio-image analysis, and 3D computer vision.<b>Stephen Florczyk</b> earned a Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering at University of Washington in 2012. He earned a B.S. and a M.S. at Alfred University in Ceramic Engineering (2004) and in Biomedical Materials Engineering Science (2006), respectively. He completed a National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellowship at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) from 2013 to 2015. Dr. Florczyk joined University of Central Florida (UCF) in August 2015 as an Assistant Professor in Materials Science & Engineering and Director of the Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Cancer Research lab. Dr. Florczyk is an expert in materials processing and characterization, cell culture trials, and animal studies. His research group focuses on the development of biomaterial scaffolds for studying cell-material interactions and tissue engineering and tumor microenvironment applications. For more information, see “ExternalRef removed.”<b>Nathan A. Hotaling</b> received his B.S degree in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Central Florida in May of 2007. He then obtained a M.S. in clinical research and a Ph.D. in Biomedical Engineering from Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology in 2013. He then obtained a Post-Doctoral position at the National Institute of Standards and Technology from 2014 to 2015. He is now at the National Institutes of Health working as a Research Fellow. His research interests include: tissue engineering, stem cell biology, biomaterials, image analysis, computer vision, statistical modeling, and translational research.<b>Mylene Simon</b> received her A.A.S. degree in biology and bioinformatics engineering from the University of Auvergne, France, in 2010 and her M.S. degree in computer science from the engineering school ISIMA (Institut Supérieur d’Informatique, de Modélisation et de leurs Applications), France, in 2013. She worked for 4 months as a bioinformatician trainee for the French CNRS Institute of Human Genetics in 2010 and for 11 months as a software engineer trainee for two French IT companies in 2012 and 2013. She joined the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in March 2014 as a Guest Researcher. Mylene’s research focuses on 3D image processing and big data computations.<b>Piotr M. Szczypinski</b> received his M.Sc. degree in electronics and telecommunications at the Lodz University of Technology (LUT) in 1995, Ph.D. degree in digital image processing at the same university in 2001 and his D.Sc. degree in biocybernetics and biomedical engineering at the Faculty of Automatic Control, Electronics and Computer Science, Silesian University of Technology in 2013. Currently Dr. Szczypinski is an associate professor at the Faculty of Electrical, Electronic, Computer and Control Engineering, LUT. His research interests include deformable models applied to image segmentation and to object recognition, computer analysis of biomedical images for medical diagnosis, and computer vision applications for food quality assessment. For more information, see ExternalRef removed.<b>Nicolas J. Schaub</b> received his B.S. degree in Biomedical Engineering (<i>Magna</i> Cum <i>Laude</i>) at the Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, and his PhD. In Biomedical Engineering at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY. He holds currently a Post-Doctoral position at the National Institute of Standards and Technology from under the National Research Council (NRC) fellowship. His research interests include biomaterials, tissue engineering, microscopy imaging, and image analysis.<b>Carl G. Simon jr.</b> earned a B.S. in Biology from Bucknell University and a Ph.D. in Biochemistry from University of Virginia focusing on signal transduction during human platelet aggregation. He trained as a post-doctoral fellow in NIST Polymers Division and is currently a staff scientist and Project Leader in the NIST Biosystems and Biomaterials Division. Dr. Simon holds leadership positions in the Society for Biomaterials and is on the Editorial Boards for “Biomaterials” and “Journal of Biomedical Materials Research – Applied Biomaterials”. His research interests include cell-material interactions, measurement assurance strategies for cell therapy products, effect of scaffold properties on stem cell morphology and differentiation and measurements for scaffold characterization. For more information, see ExternalRef removed.<b>Mary Brady</b> received the B.S. degree in Computer Science and Mathematics, Mary Washington College, May 1985, and the M.S. degree in Computer Science, George Washington University, May 1990. She worked at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, in Carderock, MD, with primary duties to provide systems and network level support for the Center’s Central Computing Facilities. Since joining NIST in July, 1992, she has worked in a variety of groups within the Information Technology Laboratory. During this period, she has been responsible for the development and implementation of projects related to the research, standardization, and commercialization of distributed systems technologies.<b>Ram D. Sriram</b> received a B.Tech. from IIT, Madras, India, and an M.S. and a Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA. Prior to joining NIST, he was on the engineering faculty (1986–1994) at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and was instrumental in setting up the Intelligent Engineering Systems Laboratory. Dr. Sriram is currently the chief of the Software and Systems Division, Information Technology Laboratory, at NIST. His scientific interest is in developing knowledge-based expert systems, natural language interfaces, machine learning, object-oriented software development, life-cycle product and process models, geometrical modelers, object-oriented databases for industrial applications, health care informatics, bioinformatics, and bioimaging. For more information, see ExternalRef removed.
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: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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