Funding for this research was provided by:
Massachusetts MassWildlife Division of Fisheries and Wildlife (HERIT-16-12)
Received: 6 February 2019
Accepted: 22 October 2019
First Online: 12 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Research was conducted under a Class B Division Employee Permit and Scientific Collection Permit #152.16SCRA issued by the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife, which reviewed the methods of this study. All work involving live animals was conducted through unaffiliated independent researchers and the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries & Wildlife and was completed prior to the involvement of any other institutions. These research agents do not meet the definition of “research facility” under U.S.C. 2131–2159 (“Animal Welfare Act”) and associated regulations, and are thus exempt from requirements that research be reviewed by an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee as specified under the law.
: Not Applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.