Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R01DE026446)
National Science Foundation (9905127)
Received: 25 July 2019
Accepted: 1 July 2020
First Online: 31 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All work was performed in compliance with the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at UMass Amherst (#2018–0094 to RCA) and University of New Hampshire (#990603 to TDK). Collection permits were issued though the University of Malawi and the Malawi government.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare no competing interests.