Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (#AP05134760)
Received: 9 August 2018
Accepted: 30 November 2018
First Online: 29 January 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Local ethics committee ruled out that no specific permission or formal ethics approval were required for this study with the exception of the rules of European Community regulations on animal experimentation (European Communities Council Directive 86/609/EEC). All animal studies were strictly carried out in compliance with European Community regulations on animal experimentation and with the authorization of the Kazakh Ministry of Agriculture. Milk and blood sampling were performed in appropriate conditions supervised by a veterinary accredited by the French Ethics National Committee for Experimentation on Living Animals.A verbal informed consent, approved by the local ethics committee, was obtained from the camels owners. No endangered or protected animal species were involved in this study.
: The camels’ owners are willing to publish the results of our study.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.