Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (31602153)
Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2016CQ32)
the Key Laboratory of Mariculture, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China (KLM2018004)
Laboratory for Marine Fisheries Science and Food Production Processes, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, China P. R. China (2016LMFS-B02)
Received: 3 May 2017
Accepted: 9 May 2018
First Online: 22 May 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The scallops used in the current study were marine-cultured animals. All the experiments were conducted following institutional and national guidelines. Since no endangered or protected species was involved in the experiments of this study, no specific permission was required for the animal material.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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