Funding for this research was provided by:
Norwegian Ministry of Fisheries and Coastal Affairs (12622)
European Research Council (LIFECYCLE FP7-222719)
Received: 30 April 2019
Accepted: 31 May 2019
First Online: 11 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Atlantic salmon (<i>Salmo salar</i>) of AquaGen origin (AquaGen AS, Trondheim, Norway) were hatched and reared in freshwater indoor facilities at the Institute of Marine Research, the Matre Aquaculture Research Station, Matredal (61°N), Norway. The experimental groups were subjected to rearing conditions that were similar to standard commercial fish farming conditions. Such conditions are listed as an exception in The Norwegian Regulation on Animal Experimentation, so that approval of the experimental protocol of this experiment by the Norwegian Animal Research Authority (NARA) was not needed. Blood sampling and decapitation immediately thereafter occurred under anesthesia. All experiments were done at the Institute of Marine Research, Matre Research Station which is authorized for animal experimentation (Norwegian Food Safety Authority, facility 110) and in accordance with International guidelines. Consent to participate: Not applicable.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.