Received: 6 May 2019
Accepted: 28 October 2019
First Online: 4 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Prior to the planning and onset of the current study, data were collected under typical production practices and reported to the American Gelbvieh Association, for inclusion in an existing data repository; thus an animal care and use protocol is not necessary. Staff at the American Gelbvieh Association have read and approved the manuscript.
: Staff at the American Gelbvieh Association have provided the authors with consent to publish.
: The authors declare no competing interests.