Funding for this research was provided by:
Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (GM070559-14)
Received: 2 April 2020
Accepted: 16 June 2020
First Online: 22 June 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The <i>T. castaneum</i> GA-1 strain were reared in our laboratory since 2006 from a starter culture received from USDA-ARS.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that there are no competing interests.