Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (31871979, 31901881)
National Key R&D Plan in China (2017YFD0201701, 2016YFD0300701)
Cooperation Project between Belgium and China from MOST (2014DF32270)
Received: 22 April 2019
Accepted: 19 November 2019
First Online: 10 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The seeds of wheat, Zhongmai 175 were bred by institute of Crop Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural and Sciences and bought from Henan Shengyuan Seed Industry Technology Co., Ltd., Xuchang, China. Cereal aphids <i>Sitobion avenae</i> and <i>Schizaphis graminum</i> used in our study were collected in Langfang, Hebei Province, China, and has been rear in our greenhouse for more than 9 years. The authors declare that all the experiments performed in this study comply with the institutional, national, or international guidelines.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.