Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 31 August 2018
Accepted: 23 November 2018
First Online: 12 December 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The ethics committee of the University Hospital Frankfurt approved the protocol addressing patients undergoing cardiac surgery (approval ref. 80/15). A written consent of the participations was not required according to national regulations (German Constitution Art. 72, Berufsordnung für Ärzte §15, HeilBerG Nordrhein-Westfalen §7). This technical evaluation was not required and thus not submitted to IRB of the Marienhospital Bottrop (Ärztekammer Westfalen Lippe) according to regional and national regulations (German Constitution Art. 72, Berufsordnung für Ärzte §15, HeilBerG Nordrhein-Westfalen §7).
: Not applicable.
: PM and KZ received grants from B. Braun Melsungen, CSL Behring, Fresenius Kabi, and Vifor Pharma for the implementation of Frankfurt‘s Patient Blood Management program and honoraria for scientific lectures from B. Braun Melsungen, Vifor Pharma, Fearing, CSL Behring, and Pharmacosmos.
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