Funding for this research was provided by:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (1 R03 HS025787-01)
Received: 12 February 2019
Accepted: 9 January 2020
First Online: 20 January 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study protocol was granted exemption under 45 Code of Federal Regulation 46 (not human subjects research) by the Institutional Review Board of Columbia University Medical Center. The Strengthening The Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) and the Reporting of studies Conducted using Observational Routinely-collected health Data (RECORD) statements were followed [CitationRef removed, CitationRef removed].. Administrative permission to access the data was granted by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP).
: Not applicable.
: Dr. Henry Rosenberg is the president of the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States. The content is solely the responsibility of this author and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States. The remaining authors declare no competing interests.