Funding for this research was provided by:
Wellcome Trust (ISSF 204809/Z/16/Z)
Received: 12 August 2019
Accepted: 12 December 2019
First Online: 8 January 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was submitted to and approved by the London South East Research Ethics Committee. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors. Informed written consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
: Not applicable.
: DB has received Grants from British Heart Foundation PG 10/71/28462; DB has received honorarium from AstraZeneca, Vifor Pharma, and Pfizer. JJ, NH, RR, RL-J, and JK have no conflict of interest.