Funding for this research was provided by:
Region Ostergotland (06000908 and LIO-79962)
Received: 13 December 2020
Accepted: 30 July 2021
First Online: 11 August 2021
: The data utilized in the present study emanates from areas with ongoing armed conflict where academic institutions are non- or malfunctioning, making local ethics approvals not possible to obtain. Furthermore, as this study is a secondary analysis of previously collected non-identifiable quality control data from ICRC-operated hospitals local ethics approvals and consents were not deemed necessary. However, to ensure that ethical standards were met, ethical approval for exploration and compilation of data for scientific presentation was obtained from the Regional Ethical Review Board in Linköping, Swedish Ethical Review Authority, approval numbers 2014/417–31, 2015/66–33 and 2016/298–32. The ICRC approved the study and gave all necessary administrative permissions. The study was performed in accordance with the ethical standards stipulated by Linköping University and the Declaration of Helsinki.
: Publication of this study was approved by the ICRC.
: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. ZO has a long-term contract at the ICRC, AW was Chief Surgeon at the ICRC 2017–2019 and PA has had several intermittent contracts with the ICRC.