Funding for this research was provided by:
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (ME-1403-11305)
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (U01EB023683)
Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute Robert H. Ebert Career Development Award
Received: 15 February 2019
Accepted: 22 November 2019
First Online: 5 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study, including the secondary data analysis using the IBM® MarketScan® Research Databases that contain de-identified individual-level healthcare claims information, was approved as a non-human subject research project by the Institutional Review Board at Harvard Pilgrim Health Care.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.