Funding for this research was provided by:
national institute for health research (DRF-2017-10-105)
Received: 29 July 2021
Accepted: 25 November 2021
First Online: 18 December 2021
: Health Research Authority approval was granted on 09.01.2019 (Research Ethics Committee reference: 18/EM/0227 and Confidentiality Advisory Group reference: 18/CAG/0118). Cervical Screening Research Advisory Committee approval was granted on 15.03.2019 (ODR1819_005). In line with our ethical approvals, including Section 251 of the NHS Act 2006 approval (enabling the common law duty of confidentiality to be temporarily lifted), consent was implied through completion of a survey mailed to UCL (no separate written or verbal consent was taken).
: Not applicable.
: No conflicts of interest to declare.