Funding for this research was provided by:
Received: 10 October 2018
Accepted: 26 June 2019
First Online: 11 July 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study does not report on animal or human data. It reports theoretical modelling data. Data used for calculating costs in the modelling work were obtained from NHS sources and published literature. Some of the clinical data were drawn from an evaluation of service improvement conducted at The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust. The Royal Free London NHS Foundation Trust Research and Development Department judged this work to be an evaluation of a service improvement innovation, therefore this was registered for audit (EDGE ID:122031) but not subject to review by an independent ethics committee and individual patient consent was not sought. All activities were performed in accordance with the guidelines of the Helsinki Declaration.
: Not applicable.
: AS, JP and WR have received speaker bureau from Siemens Healthineers; AS, SJ and WR have received support for research from Siemens Healthineers; WR is a NIHR Senior Investigator and is supported by the UCLH NIHR BRC.EP is supported by the NIHR Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) North Thames at Bart’s Health NHS Trust. The views expressed are those of the author (s) and not necessarily those of the NHS, the NIHR or the Department of Health and Social Care.The other authors have no competing interests.