Received: 3 April 2019
Accepted: 31 October 2019
First Online: 7 December 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The data in this study were exempt from review by an institutional review board as confirmed by on committee (“Comité de Protection des Personnes, Ile-de-France VII). According to the French law (94-548 du 1er juillet 1994, Art. 40-2), the Advisory Committee for Data Processing in Health Research (CCTIRS - “Comité Consultatif sur le Traitement de l’Information en matière de Recherche dans le domaine de la Santé“ - 16.390bis) delivered a positive opinion on research methodology, and the French Data Protection Authority (CNIL - “Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés” - DR-2017-139) approved the data processing. In accordance with the French law (94–548 du 1er juillet 1994, Art. 40–4), the patients have been informed (and/or legal representatives) and included in this observational study if they did not express their verbal opposition.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no financial and personal conflicts of interest.