Funding for this research was provided by:
theMajor ProgramoftheNationalNaturalScienceFoundationofChina (71490733)
Shanghai Philosophy& Social Science Foundation (Grant No. 2017BSH002)
Received: 24 June 2019
Accepted: 2 July 2020
First Online: 25 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The data were collected in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki by the China National Women’s Federation. The study was reviewed by the institutional Review Board at Fudan University, IRB approval number 2019SL001. All participants in the original survey voluntarily participated after being offered a written informed consent explanation.
: The China National Women’s Federation encourages publication of results for scholars who have access to their data. Their website describes more than 150 papers published in China using their data, mostly in Chinese.
: The authors have no financial, non-financial nor commercial competing interests to declare.