Funding for this research was provided by:
Forskningsrådet om Hälsa, Arbetsliv och Välfärd (Dnr 2020-01563, Dnr 2020-01563)
Received: 16 March 2022
Accepted: 24 June 2022
First Online: 25 July 2022
: This study was conducted according to the The Swedish Act concerning the Ethical Review of Research Involving Humans (SFS, 2003:460), further approved by The Regional Ethics Review Board of Stockholm (Dnr 2017/8–31/1). As outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki (World Medical Association [WMA], 2013), the study followed appropriate ethical standards. The nursing home manager was informed and approved the study. Then the nurse-in-charge approached eligible residents and handed their names to BH. Next, BH approached potential participants, gave a brief written and oral explanation of the study, and determined whether they met inclusion criteria, understood that participation was voluntary, that consent could be withdrawn at any time without explanation, that data would be handled confidentially, and that the results would be reported with confidentiality. A week later, BH visited residents to collect oral and written consent from those who wanted to participate in interviews, observations, or both. The residents’ cognition was continuously evaluated during the study to avoid confusion. New information was given when confusion was observed, and renewed oral consent was collected. BH informed the assistant nurses about the study at workplace meetings, and written consents were collected. Characteristics such as names and locations were changed in transcripts and fieldnotes.
: Consent for publication was received from all participants.
: The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.