Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (31860703)
the Project of State Key Laboratory of Pathogenesis, Prevention and Treatment of High Incidence Diseases in Central Asia (SKL-HIDCA-2017-5)
Received: 16 July 2018
Accepted: 27 May 2019
First Online: 14 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The entire rodent trapping campaign and all of the animal experiments were reviewed and approved by Ethics Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University. In addition, permission to capture the voles and small mammals was obtained from each farmer before entering their farm. All of the experimental procedures were carried out in accordance with laws for the prevention of cruelty to animals and with approved guidelines. None of the rodent species investigated in the present study are protected in China and none of the species captured are included in the China Species Red List.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.