Funding for this research was provided by:
Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (18fk0108061)
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (18K07120)
Asahi Group Holdings
Received: 23 August 2018
Accepted: 30 May 2019
First Online: 28 June 2019
: The animal experiments were approved by the Ethical Committee for Animal Experiments at the Juntendo University School of Medicine (approval number: 290191). The study protocol was carefully reviewed and approved by Ministry of Health and Sports in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (Letter No. Ethical Committee 2016) and by the ethics committee of the Juntendo University (No. 809). Individual informed consent was waived by the ethics committee listed above because this study used currently existing samples collected during the course of routine medical care and did not pose any additional risks to the patients. Patient information was anonymized and de-identified prior to analysis. The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Biosafety Committee (approval numbers: BSL2/29–1) and Animal Experiments Committee (approval numbers: 300244), Juntendo University and.
: Not applicable.
: All the authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.