Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP1033572)
Received: 23 March 2020
Accepted: 28 August 2020
First Online: 7 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The <i>E. coli</i> strain collection analyzed in this study was isolated from the previously conducted GEMS study approved by the Mozambican National Bioethic Committee for Health (Comité Nacional de Bioética para Saúde IRB00002657) and by the Institutional Review Board of University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. Written informed consent were sought for mother or caretaker of eligible children.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.