Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (R01AI116324)
Thrasher Research Fund (12647)
Received: 16 December 2019
Accepted: 4 March 2020
First Online: 18 March 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards at Macha Research Trust and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and by the National Health Research Authority in Zambia. Written informed consent was obtained for participation in the study by trained study staff from a parent or guardian of HIV-exposed infants.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.