Received: 19 November 2020
Accepted: 4 March 2021
First Online: 23 March 2021
: Ethical approval was obtained from the University of KwaZulu Natal. Biomedical Research Ethics Committee (BREC – BE276/16) and all subsequent procedures were followed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. Patients undergoing cholecystectomy for gall stone disease (biliary cholic, acute cholecystitis, jaundice and gall stone pancreatitis) at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban, KwaZulu Natal, South Africa from January – December 2017 were recruited to evaluate known risk factors of gall stone formation in HIV positive and negative patients. In total 96 patients gave informed consent (standard consent form in two official main languages English and isiZulu) for retrieval of a liver biopsy and recording of clinical parameters of patients including age, race, BMI, family history of gall stones and comorbidities (HIV, arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia).
: All participants consented for the data to be published subject to anonymity.