Funding for this research was provided by:
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
UBS Optimus Foundation
Received: 5 November 2020
Accepted: 10 June 2021
First Online: 23 June 2021
: This study was carried out at the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research (NMIMR), University of Ghana. Clinical samples were taken at the hospital or health centres as part of the routine diagnostic procedure and case confirmation recommended by WHO, and sent to the NMIMR for analysis. Ethical approval for collection and use of patients’ samples was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the NMIMR (Study number: NMIMR-IRB CPN 024/18–19). Patients were required to sign an informed consent. To ensure anonymity, personal information such as names, and other personal identifiers associated with patient’s samples were replaced with codes.
: Not applicable
: The authors declare no conflict of interest.