Received: 16 February 2021
Accepted: 19 July 2021
First Online: 31 July 2021
: Ethical approval for data collection and analysis by ISARIC4C was given by the South Central-Oxford C Research Ethics Committee in England (reference CitationRef removed/SC/0149), and by the Scotland A Research Ethics Committee (reference 20/SS/0028). The ISARIC WHO CCP-UK study was registered at https://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN66726260 and designated an Urgent Public Health Research Study by NIHR. The methods used to collect the human data for this study were completed in accordance with all the relevant guidelines and regulations. Informed consent or proxy consent was collected from all human participants for their data to be included in this study. Further information on the methods to collect data, informed consent and study can be found within the study protocol, which can be found at ExternalRef removed.
: Not applicable.
: KK is supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Applied Research Collaboration East Midlands (ARC EM) and TY by the NIHR Leicester Biomedical Research Centre (BRC). KK is Director for the University of Leicester Centre for BME Health, Trustee of the South Asian Health Foundation, national NIHR ARC lead for Ethnicity and Diversity and a member of Independent SAGE and Chair of the SAGE subgroup on ethnicity and COVID-19. MGS is a member of HMG SAGE COVID-19. MGS reports grants from DHSC NIHR UK, grants from MRC UK, grants from HPRU in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, University of Liverpool, during the conduct of the study, other from Integrum Scientific LLC, Greensboro, NC, USA, outside the submitted work. Other authors declare no conflicts of interests.