Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (OPP-1022128)
Canadian Institutes of Health Research,Canada (FDN-148439)
Canada Research Chairs
Fondation Leenaards (postdoctoral fellowship)
Received: 1 September 2021
Accepted: 13 December 2021
First Online: 6 January 2022
: All methods were carried out in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. Ethical approval was granted from the Ifakara Health Institute Review Board (IHI/IRB/No: 12-2013), the Medical Research Coordinating Committee of the National Institute for Medical Research of Tanzania (NIMR/HQ/R.8a/Vol.IX/1561), Ethics Committee of the canton of Basel of Switzerland (Ref. Nr. EK: 1612/13) and University Health Network (17-5833) in Toronto, Canada. All participants gave their informed written consent at enrolment.
: Not applicable.
: All authors declare to have no conflict of interest.