Funding for this research was provided by:
Medical Research Council (MR/T001585/1, MC_UU_00022/2, MR/R024774/1)
NRS Senior Clinical Fellowship (SCAF/15/02)
Chief Scientist Office, Scottish Government Health and Social Care Directorate (SPHSU17)
Received: 4 January 2022
Accepted: 24 January 2022
First Online: 30 March 2022
: This study is part of UK Biobank project 7155. UK Biobank studies have ethical approval from the NHS Health Research Authority (21/NW/0157), which has an ethics committee to approve human studies (ExternalRef removed). Written informed consent for data collection, analysis, and record linkage was provided by all participants. This study was conducted in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations.
: Not applicable.
: All authors declare no competing interests.