Funding for this research was provided by:
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (Grant No. INV-006277)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 82073612)
Shanghai Municipal Health Commission (Grant No. GWV-10.1-XK16)
Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (ZD2021CY001)
Received: 5 May 2022
Accepted: 26 October 2022
First Online: 12 November 2022
: This study was based on publicly available data and was mainly a mathematical modeling analysis. Not applicable.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.