Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institutes of Health (R01-HL-132372-01, R03-DK-104012, T32 DK 007732)
Received: 30 March 2017
Accepted: 30 June 2017
First Online: 5 July 2017
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was approved by the Johns Hopkins Medicine Institutional Review Board (IRB) with waiver of consent (IRB00090297) and by DaVita Clinical Research.
: Not applicable. Case series without individually identifiable data.
: Dr. Shafi: consulting fees from Siemens; member of the Editorial Board of BMC Nephrology (Associate Editor); Medical Director, Home Hemodialysis.
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