Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute for Health Research
Renal Association (AEG Raine Award)
Received: 12 June 2020
Accepted: 8 November 2020
First Online: 18 November 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Since the UK Renal Registry has been granted a section 251 exemption by the Health Research Authority, which allows the registration of identifiable patient information from kidney units without first asking individual patient consent, formal research ethics committee approval was not required.We applied for data using the formal data application processes of the UK Renal Registry and UK Transplant Registry. The UK Renal Registry data application was approved by the Medical Director and Chair of the Research Methods Study Group. The UK Transplant Registry data application was approved by the Kidney Advisory Group.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.