Received: 4 January 2019
Accepted: 23 May 2019
First Online: 29 May 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethical approval was not sought for this study because it was a retrospective study, as defined by local ethics committee (Spedali Civili Ethics Committee, Spedali Civili Hospital, Piazzale Spedali Civili, 1, 25123, Brescia, Italy). Written informed consent was obtained (by patients (if she/he was mentally-competent) or by the next of kin in all the remaining cases (i.e. hemiparesis, aphasia). The consent was obtained for medical/interventional treatment for life-threatening condition (i.e. ischemic stroke) as well as for research purpose.
: Not applicable.
: Dr. Andrea Morotti is Associated Editor of BMC Neurology; The others Authors declare that there is no competing interest.