Funding for this research was provided by:
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA HSR&D-NRI 11-126., LIP funding supplement)
Received: 15 June 2020
Accepted: 23 November 2020
First Online: 2 December 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Institutional Review Boards (IRB) of the five participating Veterans Affairs Healthcare Systems (Greater Los Angeles, Long Beach, Loma Linda, and San Diego, California; and Las Vegas, Nevada) gave permission for the study on November 9, 2011. The Clinical Trial Registration, NCT01532986, was listed on January 13, 2012. The IRBs waived the requirement for documentation of written consent and allowed verbal consent for the participants (veterans).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests except Hilary C Siebens, MD who uses the 4-domain clinical organizing framework she designed, Siebens Domain Management Model™, in consulting work with health care organizations and others. Also, she is the author of the Siebens Health Care Notebook, a self-care tool<i>.</i>