Funding for this research was provided by:
National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (T37-MD001449)
National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (8UL1TR 000170-09)
Text and Data Mining valid from 2018-05-02
Received: 14 March 2017
Accepted: 19 April 2018
First Online: 2 May 2018
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample has been deemed to be publicly available data sets does not involve “human subjects”, thus not requiring IRB per 45 CFR 46.101 (ExternalRef removed). The data contained within these data sets are neither identifiable nor private and thus do not meet the federal definition of “human subject” as defined in 45 CFR 46.102. Therefore, these research projects do not need to be reviewed and approved by the Institutional Review Board.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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