Funding for this research was provided by:
Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (FRGS15-238-0479)
Received: 3 February 2019
Accepted: 31 May 2019
First Online: 14 June 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The study was approved by Malaysia Medical Research and Ethics Committee (NMRR-15-1902-28,439) and the Research Ethics Committee of International Islamic University Malaysia (IREC 555). Women were informed in detail about the study and written informed consent was obtained. Pregnant women with depressive symptoms were advised to visit the psychiatric department of a nearby hospital to get professional support.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.