Funding for this research was provided by:
United Nations Population Fund
Received: 12 December 2018
Accepted: 14 October 2019
First Online: 8 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: This study was approved by the Population Council’s Institutional Review Board and the Ethics Committee of the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population. Informed consent was obtained from each of the obstetricians interviewed in this study. Those who agreed to take part in the study were asked to sign the informed consent form before the interviews. Participants who agreed to participate but were unable or unwilling to sign were asked to give verbal consent in the presence of a witness. Both the interviewer and the witness had to provide their signature indicating that the person has agreed to participate. Both IRB committees approved this consent protocol. For medical record data, permission was obtained from the health facility to access patients records. Throughout data abstraction, no personal identifiers were recorded; instead identification code numbers were used.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.