Received: 11 February 2020
Accepted: 30 April 2020
First Online: 19 May 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The data collection for the NDHS, 2016, was ethically approved by the Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC), which is a national level government organization leading in research activities in Nepal. Similarly, ethical clearance was also obtained from ICF Macro Institutional Review Board, Maryland, USA. Data were collected after an online application was submitted to the Demographic Health Survey (DHS) program explaining the purpose of the study, intended use, and people who would have access over the data [CitationRef removed]. After the review of the online application, permission had been granted from the monitoring and evaluation body of DHS globally, Monitoring and Evaluation to Access and Use Results Demographic and Health Survey (MEASURE DHS), to use the data set for this study. The NDHS, 2016 data are publicly available at the USAID DHS program (at ExternalRef removed) in different formats. This is a secondary analysis of publicly available data; hence an independent ethical approval was not required.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.