Funding for this research was provided by:
Medical Research Council (MR/M017397/1)
National Institute for Health Research (DRF-2016-09-057)
Received: 26 July 2018
Accepted: 21 July 2020
First Online: 31 July 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approval was obtained from the following committees: Kenyatta National Hospital/University of Nairobi Ethics Research Committee (P224/04/2015); IRB (Silver, Research and Ethics Committee) of Christian Medical College, Vellore (9945); Ethical Review Committee Liaquat National Hospital (LNH), Karachi (App#0199 LNH-ERC); Ethical Review Board Fatima Bai Hospital (FBH), Karachi (RD-045-APP-RB-0023-2015); Research Ethics Committee Uganda National Council for Science Technology (#HS 1791); Makerere University College of Health Sciences School of Medicine IRB (REC 2015–041). No administrative permissions or licenses were required by the teams to access the data.This was an observational audit of current practice and therefore there were no regulatory requirements to obtain consent to participate from any of the participating countries.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.