Received: 20 December 2019
Accepted: 27 August 2020
First Online: 11 September 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Clearance was obtained from the principal investigators of the Nigerian Near-Miss study (from the WHO, Geneva, Switzerland) for the use of the data. A data use agreement was signed in which the PIs indicated that this analysis was covered under the approved use of data by the Ethics Review Committee at the WHO and all 42 participating hospitals. However, additional approval for this study was obtained from the Research Ethics Committee of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (Protocol ID 17–047).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.