Funding for this research was provided by:
Bank of Canada (2016-OPP1159547)
Received: 6 June 2019
Accepted: 21 September 2020
First Online: 6 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval was received from Tulane University (1112188) and the University of Kinshasa School of Public Health Ethics Committee (ESP/CE/060/2017). Consent from a parent or legal guardian was waived for participants under age 18 by both IRBs because some of the adolescent mothers were married and no longer living at home. All participants provided written consent by signing a consent form prior to participation.
: Not applicable. The manuscript does not include details, images or videos relating to individual participants.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.