Funding for this research was provided by:
United States Agency for International Development (AID-OAA-A-14-00028)
Received: 8 June 2020
Accepted: 24 September 2020
First Online: 6 October 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: Ethics approvals were granted by the Institutional Review Board at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (Ref: 13643), and the ethical review boards of Kogi state (Ref: MOH/KGS/1376/1/84) and Ebonyi state (Ref: SMOH/ERC/33/017). All participants provided written informed consent prior to participation. Mothers were only approached and enrolled prior to entering the second stage of labour. Women below the age of 18 years and/or with pre-existing conditions associated with a high-risk pregnancy and/or birth complications were excluded from the study.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.