Funding for this research was provided by:
Simon Fraser University Open Access Funding (NA)
Received: 13 May 2019
Accepted: 28 January 2020
First Online: 10 February 2020
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The original 2014–15 RDHS was approved by National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda. This study is a secondary analysis of the 2014–15 RDHS; approval to access and download DHS data files from the online DHS archive was granted by worldwide DHS program.
: Not applicable.
: MPN is supported by the University of British Columbia 4 Year Doctoral Fellowship. GT declares no competing interests<b>.</b> CH is supported by a Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship and a University of British Columbia 4 Year Doctoral Fellowship. MEK holds research grants from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and BC SUPPORT Unit and is supported by the Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research Scholar award. Over the past 2 years, MEK has received consulting fees from Biogen Inc. Funding.