Funding for this research was provided by:
the National Natural Science Foundation of China Grants (81974232, 82271742)
the Clinical Research Plan of SHDC (SHDC2020CR6027)
the Program of Shanghai Academic Research Leader (21XD1403700)
the Interdisciplinary Program of Shanghai Jiao Tong University (YZ2021ZD29)
the Shanghai Municipal Science and Technology Major Project (20Z11900602)
Received: 2 August 2022
Accepted: 14 April 2023
First Online: 20 May 2023
: The study was exempt from ethical approval and informed consent requirements according to the International Peace Maternal and Child Hospital Institutional Review Board, because the data used were publicly available.
: Not applicable.
: All authors declare no conflict of interest.