Funding for this research was provided by:
the National major Research and Development Program (2016YFC1302703)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81602917, 81872702, 81521004)
Key Grant of Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (15KJA330002)
Top-notch Academic Programs Project of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PPZY2015A067)
West China First-class Discipline Construction Project in Basic Medicine funded by Ningxia Medical University (201-30181601)
Priority Academic Program for the Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions
The Talent Project of Zhejiang Association for Science and Technology (No.2018YCGC003)
333 High-Level Talents Cultivation Project of Jiangsu Province (BRA2018057)
Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (LQ15H260001)
Received: 7 September 2018
Accepted: 5 February 2019
First Online: 21 February 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The current study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards of Nanjing Medical University and Ningxia Medical University. Specifically, for Cohort I, written informed consent was obtained from each participant, and the study was approved by the Institutional Review Boards of all participating institutions. For Cohort II, participants were derived from the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) GWAS, and each of the five participating studies obtained informed consent from participants and from their studies Institutional Review Board(s). The NCI Special Studies-Institutional Review Board approved the overall GWAS study. For Cohort III, the study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Ningxia Medical University and Nanjing Medical University, and written informed consent was obtained for each participant. All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
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