Funding for this research was provided by:
National Natural Science Foundation of China (81673465)
China National Key Research and Development Program (2018YFC1705505)
Received: 14 January 2019
Accepted: 13 September 2019
First Online: 5 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The clinical samples were obtained from patients undergoing surgical resection at the Department of Urology, Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China. All the experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Xin Hua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, China. Written informed consents were obtained from the patients. Samples were confirmed to be tumor or normal based on pathological assessment.All the protocols of the animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, and the research complied with the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.