Funding for this research was provided by:
Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine (K18124)
National Research Foundation (NRF-2017R1C1B1004924)
National Research Foundation (2019M3E5D1A02068557)
Received: 5 October 2018
Accepted: 24 September 2019
First Online: 9 November 2019
Ethics approval and consent to participate
: The results shown here are based upon data generated by the TCGA Research Network: ExternalRef removed. All data downloaded from TCGA is publicly accessible and de-identified. Patients were consented by the TCGA Research Network. Documentation about consent and sample acquisition is publicly posted: ExternalRef removed. For human samples, all patients gave written informed consent for this study, which was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Chungnam National University Hospital (IRB number: 2019-05-087).
: Not applicable.
: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.